Artificial Intelligence vs Machine Learning : The Ultimate Guide

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This article on artificial intelligence vs machine learning is a comparison between two computing fields with varied requirements for base skills and remarkable interdependence in the workplace. Machine learning has everything to do with the technicalities in data systems, enabling them to improve themselves and make progressive decisions.

In contrast, artificial intelligence is concerned with computer systems’ general ability to imitate human thought and behaviour.

It is wise to remember that, even though both fields of study are constantly interrelated, they have their separate set of foundation skills to get started and a different range of ideal career options later down the road.

So whether you are a professional wishing to upskill to a new route or an aspiring first-timer in the workplace, this article will guide you into what each field is about, its base requirements, and the kind of career you can expect.

What is artificial intelligence best used for?


artificial intelligence with robot hand

Artificial intelligence is best used for developing smart technology, voice assistants, and software solutions to improve computer vision and language. This can help the end-consumers to converse directly with sales chat-bots and quicken the decision-making process of a business.

This field of artificial intelligence explores the possibility of allowing computer devices and robots to mimic and eventually surpass human actions, thoughts, and emotions. Doing so can help the programs to analyse and absorb data and then act upon that information accordingly and without any significant human interference.

Artificial intelligence also allows modern computers to read different images and fish out the selected content with improved speed.

Significant companies in the tech industry, such as Apple, Microsoft, and Google, utilise artificial intelligence in their programs to enable accelerated customer interaction with the devices. In addition, the use of artificial intelligence in virtual technology has also reached new heights, with assistants such as Cortana and Siri becoming a daily norm among smartphone users.

Skills required for working in artificial intelligence

learning artificial intelligence

To get a solid foundation in artificial intelligence, you would need proficiency in several fields, including program design, programming languages, various intelligent technologies, and a strong forte in robotics and computer science.

  1. Knowledge of programming languages and design: Being well-versed in program design and programming languages is crucial in AI since you will constantly create new software solutions. Therefore, designing the basis of these and writing the code will require your proficiency in both aspects.
  2. Proficiency in robotics, data mining and data science: Individuals working in AI will be confronted with a world of computers, robots and data information, which makes expertise in the mentioned fields a professional requirement in the workplace.
  3. Familiarity with algorithms: The ability to create, analyse and modify algorithms is crucial for anyone wishing to step into the AI field. Computer programs are based entirely on algorithms, and you must be well-versed in them to deliver the most efficient results.
  4. Understanding AI ethics: Last but not least, it is vital to know how the created technologies are interfering with the world order. Especially in an age where AI is used more often, you must always have the safety of the users at the core of any new creation since this technology shifts paradigms in the world, even beyond business matters.

Career options in artificial intelligence

professional in artificial intelligence field

Once you have mastered the critical skills required to work most effectively in AI, you can look forward to various career options, including being a data scientist, business intelligence developer and big data engineer.

  1. Business Intelligence Developer: A Business Intelligence Developer’s role involves analysing different data sets and improving the business systems with the help of AI.
    After singling out the software information about brand awareness and recognition, the data is then put into the AI so that you can get accurate results out of the complicated sets.
    Once the trends are accurately recognised, such business intelligence techniques can significantly boost the company’s profitability.
  2.  Data Scientist: The responsibilities of a data scientist include collecting data from various sources, analysing, and fully utilising it to understand the best ways for the company to grow.
    Using data patterns from all available information, professionals in this role can provide valuable insights into the different issues faced by the business, as well as efficient methods to solve these problems.
  3.  Big Data Engineer: With excellent administration skills and the ability to handle a stressful workload, this position is responsible for constructing a network for the different business systems to link together and create options for accelerated decisions in the workplace. It also includes utilising the incoming big data and creating and administering a company’s big data.

What is machine learning best used for?

artificial intelligence vs machine learning white robot

Machine learning, a subcategory of artificial intelligence, is best used for enabling computers to make more accurate decisions via the thorough use of algorithms. Machine learning involves using neural networks to allow programmers to improve the cognitive abilities of computer systems.

The difference between machine learning and artificial intelligence is that the former mostly becomes a pathway to the latter. With algorithms and other vital data information, the programmers in this field can improve a system’s perception, constructing a technical solution that can absorb knowledge and take appropriate action, completely free of human interference.

Machine learning tries to accumulate information and data through passive means. At the same time, artificial intelligence seeks to interact with the environment using an active approach.

Skills required for working in machine learning

guy learning machine technology

Stepping onto the path of machine learning requires some foundation skills before you can plan to excel professionally, including proficient abilities in applied mathematics and computer science, as well as an expert understanding of technical matters.

  1. Technical skills: Being involved with machine learning requires extensive technical skills since you must constantly engage with computers, robots and their inner network systems.
  2. Proficiency in mathematics, computer science and physics: Some subjects essential for success in the machine learning field include computer science and physics, coupled with an in-depth understanding of applied mathematics. Expertise in these areas will ensure you can handle the workload as efficiently as possible.
  3. Expertise in programming, algorithms and network architecture: Machine learning revolves around working with computers and how computers are built to handle information. This makes specialisation in artificial neural networks, algorithms, and computer programming a must for anyone looking to enter the field.
  4. Understanding probability and statistics: Knowledge of these two subjects is vital, as it helps individuals make decisions. Before you can analyse and improve computer perception, an in-depth proficiency in statistics and probability is essential.

Career options in machine learning

scientist professionals in machine learning

The career options for machine learning provide opportunities for roles in artificial intelligence and deep learning. On the other hand, some junior positions include a machine learning engineer or an NLP scientist. Therefore, it is best to apply for multiple jobs once you have completed the required education in machine learning.

  1. Machine Learning Engineer: This role requires extensive proficiency while studying in several programming languages, such as Java and Python, to run various kinds of machine-learning tests. The data analysed is used to construct algorithms allowing computers to run with as little human interference as possible. If you are looking into this position, remember that it is vital to be proficient in data modelling and system design.
  2. Human-Centered Machine Learning Designer: As per the job title, this position involves creating a learning system based on the behaviour of the individual human. Using the knowledge of probability, algorithms and computer networks, a Human-Centered Machine Learning Designer constructs a system within the machine that allows accelerated pattern recognition and information processing, thus enabling it to “learn” the inclinations of a human, reducing the need for manual input.
  3. NLP Scientist: As a Natural Language Processing scientist, you would be expected to be well-versed in the conjugation and syntax of at least one verbal language and familiarity with algorithms. This is because this position allows our computers and robots to pick and eventually talk back to us in our language. In turn, this minimises the need for social interaction with humans and can also be used as a tool by language learners to practise.

Choosing the career path best for you

ladies with career in technology

Hands-on experience is the best way to find the perfect career path in artificial intelligence, machine learning, or both! However, you can also assess your ambition and traits to see which might suit you better.

Naturally, artificial intelligence is the broader field with various subcategories, machine learning being one of them. Machine learning involves constructing different systems for computers and other machines to train them to perform specific tasks.

AI is the backbone of a progressive design that can perform several human tasks with computer intelligence. Therefore, while machine learning is an essential aspect of the bigger picture of AI, the latter is still the field with a broader range of career options to explore.

Machine learning might be a better path for individuals invested in dedicating long years to growing in one field. On the other hand, if you want to step out of a subcategory into a wider field and are interested in creating complex systems, then AI might be the best path for you.

Remember that machine learning has fewer promotions in the available field. Still, AI also offers higher salary rates with its various positions. However, as with other areas, the pay rate ultimately comes down to your experience and the duties of your professional role.

Artificial intelligence is progressing increasingly in the world’s systems, with machine learning remaining a critical element. Once you figure out how far you want to advance professionally, you can easily pick between these two excellent options.

Suppose you are interested in learning where your ambition may lie. In that case, you could look at our Data Science and AI Programmes and learn more about our supervised learning programs designed to kick-start your fulfilling career.

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